The shipping in the context of this manual, is the act of transporting radioactive material. It involves packing the material, arranging the transportation and ensuring compliance with regulations. For shipping radioactive material within Canada, the primary regulation is CNSC's Packing and Transport of Nuclear Substances Regulations (PTNS). However other regulations may also be applicable. If the radioactive medium (eg. Benzene) is a Hazardous Substance then Transport Canada's Transportation of Dangerous Goods (TDG) will apply. If the transport arrangement is by air, the International Air Transport Association (IATA) may applicable. If the transport will cross international borders, the International Atomic Energy Association (IAEA) will need to be consulted. In addition, most of these regulations also stipulate receiving requirements. Needless to say the task of shipping can become quite complex and for non‐routine shipments, ORM must be consulted.
Inherently, the primary concern for the shipping of radioactive material is to ensure the design and integrity of the radioactive material and associated packaging is such that it will not result in a release of radioactive material or an unexpected exposure during transit. Appropriate documentation and labeling assists in informing others of any potential risk. Should any damage of the packaging occur during transit it is the responsibility receiver to monitor the package (dose rate and contamination) and report any incident to CNSC. This reporting becomes critical if there exist a potential for exposure of individuals, or contamination of multiple sites. For this reason ORM must be contacted should a damaged package be received. ORM will investigate and inform CNSC if required.