Receiving

Radioactive packages are first received by the person/s who receive all deliveries, usually “Shipping and Receiving Departments”, and then the radioactive packages are picked‐up by the authorized radioactive User. Section A provides the procedures for the “Shipping and Receiving Department” while Section B provides the procedures for the Radioactive User. A flow chart for reporting suspicious or damaged packages is in Section C.

 

Section A
  • Ensure all individuals receiving radioactive material have been trained in TDG for Class 7 Receive Package
  • Ensure all deliveries are scheduled during working hours.  If for an exceptional circumstance, a shipment is to arrive after working hours, have a specific storage location that is secure and prevents unnecessay esposure.
  • Check integrity of package if damaged, do not sign for receipt and inform ORM and lab
  • Sign for the received package. Note if upon close examination package deemed to be damage contact ORM and lab
  • Informs lab personnel and ORM of receipt of package if previously instructed to do so
  • Verifies that the package being received corresponds to an order previously approved by ORM.
  • Confirm verification with packing slip. Note: Packing slip may not be readily available – Do not handle radioactive material. Follow steps:

             1)Take the packaging slip if it is located on the outside, do not open the package. IF NOT GO TO NEXT STEP

             2)If the packaging slip is inside the outer package, open the package and retrieve the packaging slip if located on top IF NOT GO TO NEXT STEP

             3)If the packaging slip is not visible on the surface, send package to lab and ask that the packing slip be returned once they have opened the package.

  • Minimize personal exposure to radiation using ALARA principle and taking into account information provided by the TDG safety mark.
  • Ensure all radioactive material is stored in a secure location when in your possession.
  • Note: A TLD will be issued to you if an approved order may present an exposure risk to Shipping and Receiving personnel.

 

Section B

First and foremost always confirm the purchase you are receiving is the purchase that you ordered or are expecting. Then monitor the package for contamination to ensure there has been no loss of containment during transit by following the procedure below. Only radiation users, those who are work under a radiation permit, may open a package containing radioactive material. 
Note: Assume the package may be contaminated until you have proven otherwise.

 

Package Monitoring Procedure

PREPARATION:

  • Wear a lab coat and deposable gloves while handling the package.
  • Wear a dosimeter badge. (if applicable)
  • Use a cart (with edges to prevent items from falling off) to transport package from the shipping and receiving department to lab. (Using a cart, minimizes radiation exposure by increasing the distance between transporter and package.)
  • Place the package in a fume hood if contents are volatile

Inspection:

  • Inspect packages for damage or leakage immediately upon receipt.

Labels and Marking:

  • Inspect the package for radioactive labeling applied. Interpret labeling and transport index value used to assess personal exposure risk. Refer to CNSC Poster ‐ "Guidelines for Handling Packages Containing Nuclear Substances" (INFO‐0744)

 

Opening Up Unsealed Packages

Unsealed Sources

  • Open the package (while wearing lab coat and gloves) and verify the contents with the packing slip and order place
  • Monitor all packaging materials for presence of contamination (See Section 2.8.2.1 for determining contamination limits)

 A. Outer Package

  • Inspect the outer package and check for damage to the contents such as a broken seal or discoloration of packaging materials.
  • Remove the storage container ‐ "pig" from the box and use direct monitoring (survey meter) to measure any contamination in the box or on the storage container.
  • Deface all radioactive warnings and symbols on the packaging prior to disposing of this packaging.

 B. Inner Package

  • Open the storage container ‐ "pig" and verify the radioisotope, the activity and other details with the information on the vial match the purchase order.
  • Use indirect monitoring to determine if any removable contamination is present.  Do this by wiping the vial with a moistened filter paper and analyzing, depending on energy or radiation emission, by either survey meter or liquid scintillation counter (LSC).
Opening Up Sealed Packages

Sealed Sources

  • Open the package (while wearing lab coat and gloves) and verify the contents with the packing slip and order placed
  • Check for damage to sealed source.
  • If sealed source has an activity of greater than 50 MBq, ensure leak testing paperwork is present
  • Deface all radioactive warnings and symbols on the packaging prior to disposing of this packaging.

Sealed Source In Device

  • If device such as a liquid scintillation counters or gas chromatograph, is to be installed by service technician, do not open package.
  • If radioisotope activity is greater than 10 times the Exemption quantity, ensure leak testing certificate is available.
  • Once device is installed and packing material is to be discarded, ensure all radioactive warnings and symbols are defaced.
Reporting

Report to RSO any:

  • Discrepancy in the purchase order and the goods received.
  • Circumstance where the integrity of the package is questioned.
  • Circumstance where exposure to radiation is a concern.
  • For unsealed sources, if the presence of contamination is above regulatory limit. See Appendix A.
Records

Unsealed Sources

  • Start a Use and Disposition form for the material.
  • Ensure contamination monitoring results are in to Bq/cm2 and record your values in the upper right corner of the Radioisotope Inventory of Use and Disposition form. To convert CPM to Bq/cm2 see Appendix B.

Sealed Sources

  • File and send calibration certificate ORM

Sealed Sources in Devices

  • File and send source calibration certificate ORM
  • File and send instruments model and serial number to ORM
Storage

Store radioactive material,sealed sources in the designated secure area of the laboratory.

Section C

Procedure for reporting of any suspicious or damaged packages to Radiation Specialist (ext. 2057)  or Assistant Director of Radiation  and Biosafety (ext. 3058) :

 

For Shipping and Receiving if there is any of the following:

  • Discrepancy in the purchase order and the goods as defined on packaging slip
  • Circumstance where the integrity of the package is questioned
  • Circumstance where exposure to radiation is a concern
  • Radioactive material is lost, stolen or no longer under the control of a person
     

Contact Radiation Specialist or Assistant Director of Radiation  and Biosafety.  They will:

  • Investigate and report to CNSC (if required)
    • Write a preliminary report to CNSC within 21 days
    • File a full report with the Director General of Transport Canada within 30 days
       

For Permit Holder - Laboratory if there is any of the following:

  • Discrepancy in the purchase order and the goods as defined on packaging slip
  • Circumstance where the integrity of the package is questioned
     

Contact Radiation Specialist or Assistant Director of Radiation  and Biosafety.  They will:

  • Investigate and report to CNSC (if required)
    • Write a preliminary report to CNSC within 21 days
    • File a full report with the Director General of Transport Canada within 30 days
       

 

 

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